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Tojutsu 刀術 & Kenjutsu 剣術

 

 

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Tojutsu (刀術, tou-jutsu) translates literally as "sword techniques". is a very general Japanese word for sword, and has no connotations with particular sizes, lengths or styles. It can be likened to the English noun 'blade'. The term Tojutsu is rarely used or mentioned in martial arts sources.

Tojutsu is encompassed by, and often confused with Kenjutsu, which is the Japanese martial art specializing in the use of the katana.

Tojutsu however is only the art using the sword, where Kenjutsu also covers Battōjutsu, the art of sword drawing, which is excluded from Tojutsu.

 

 



 

Kenjutsu (剣術, Kenjutsu) is the Japanese martial art specializing in the use of the Japanese sword (katana).

When talking about the KEN that have been created over the different eras (periods), it is necessary to look the very foundation of the Natural World - That is of course land and materials on the land. To Look before EDO's period. KEN 剣 = Yari , Naginata (with the caracter meaning "to mow down" 薙刀), Bisento 眉尖刀  etc. Actually KEN 剣 here including all the blades.

Generally, kenjutsu takes the form of partnered practice exercised through kata (pre-arranged forms, as opposed to competition, solo, or freestyle practice).

Kenjutsu is the core means by which koryū, train their students to employ the Japanese swords against a variety of classical weapons (Yari, Naginata, Bo, Daisho, Shoto) while indoctrinating the student in the combative mindset of the school. Therefore, kenjutsu can be seen as an integral aspect of all classical Japanese sword school curricula.

Today most koryū schools continue to employ kenjutsu as part of their curriculum.

 

 

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Tachi

The tachi (太刀:たち, tachi) is a Japanese sword, often said to be more curved and slightly longer than the katana. However Gilbertson, Oscar Ratti, and Adele Westbrook state that a sword is called a tachi when hung from the obi (belt or sash) with the edge down, and the same sword becomes a katana when worn edge up thrust through the girdle. The "tachi" style was eventually discarded in favor of the katana. The daitō (long swords) that pre-date the katana average about 78cm in blade length; larger than the katana average of around 70cm.

As opposed to the traditional manner of wearing the katana, the tachi was worn hung from the belt with the cutting-edge down, and usually used by cavalry. Deviations from the average length of tachi have the prefixes ko- for "short" and ō- for "great" attached. For instance, tachi that were shōtō and closer in size to a wakizashi were called kodachi.

The longest tachi (considered a 15th century ōdachi) in existence is more than 3.7 meters in total length (2.2m blade) but believed to be ceremonial. During the year 1600, many old tachi were cut down into katana. The majority of surviving tachi blades now are o-suriage, so it is rare to see an original signed ubu tachi.

Use

The tachi was used primarily on horseback, where it was able to be drawn efficiently for cutting down enemy footsoldiers. However, on the ground it was still an effective weapon, but awkward to use. This is why its companion, the uchigatana (the predecessor of the katana) was developed.

It was the predecessor to the katana as the battle-blade of feudal Japan's bushi (warrior class), and as it evolved into the later design, the two were often differentiated from each other only by how they were worn and by the fittings for the blades (Yari, Naginata, Nagamaki, Bisento etc). In later Japanese feudal history, during the Sengoku and Edo periods, certain high-ranking warriors of what became the ruling class would wear their sword tachi-style (edge-downward), rather than with the saya (scabbard) thrust through the belt with the edge upward.

 

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"Win without Drawing - If You Must Draw Don't Cut
Just forebear. Know that to take life is a serious matter"

 

 

Reference from Schools of Bujinkan

 

打拳体術  It is written in the Shinden Fudo Ryu scrolls that Iaijutsu (draw cutting) may have originated from this school.

The Shinden Fudo Ryu sword is typically much longer than a katana. To compensate for the sword’s unusual length, a unique style of Iaijutsu (sword drawing) was developed. The best way to hold a sword like this is to hold it upright in "Wangetsu no Kamae", or resting on the left arm. One technique in this style involves drawing the sword vertically while pushing the saya (sword scabbard) back.

This type of Iaijutsu allows the sword to be drawn in a confined space, for example when fighting on a crowded battlefield. Due to the swords’ size it is important to use the spine and not just the arm when drawing the sword. By drawing only with the arm, many people would not be capable of completely removing the sword from the saya.

Sheathing the sword is done by turning sideways so the tip of the sword will always face the opponent. If necessary the sword can be pushed forward to prevent an oncoming attack. This type of sheathing also helps to hide the length of the sword, since the opponent is looking at the sword head-on. By taking a step back with the left leg and angling the body when pushing the sword into the saya, the dimensions of the sword stays hidden, and the sword remains in a ready position.

The cutting method of Shinden Fudo Ryu relies on using the swords’ weight, not upper body movement or power. This again emphasizes the principles of natural movement as opposed to forced muscle strength.

The sword is literally allowed to drop on to the opponent, and body movement is used to push the sword down and in to complete a cut. In the scrolls it is written that Mizuhara Kuro Yoshinari, lord of Mizuhara castle, was brought forth by Minamoto no Yoshitsune during his flight from the capital. He was a great master of Iai (draw-cutting). In the scrolls of Fudo ryu, it is written that he may have been the originator of Iai. –

 

 

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骨法術 Koto Ryu had a unique and unorthodox method of kenjutsu (Swordsmanship)., handling the sword in a way that gave the observer the impression that the swordsman was unskilled, changing the gripping method and stance at will. 

 In Japanese sword training it is always the right foot forward, with the left hand at the pommel (Kashira) end of the handle, and the right by the Tsuba. The Koto Ryu members would change this at will. Left foot forward, Right hand at the Pommel, and any combination of this. This then gave the opponent the impression that he was facing a man who was not skilled with a sword.

They also have a Kamae, unique to the Koto Ryu. This is known as "Wangetsu no Kamae". The sword is held above the head in Hoko no Kamae. The blade is then used to reflect sun light into the eyes of the opponent, and if a "Hi" groove is present it can be used, if it is raining, to collect a little rain water, which can then be flicked at the opponents eyes.

 

 

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八法秘剣術The term Kenpo (Method) is used in Kukishin Ryu ( Nine Demon Kami School ) instead of Kenjutsu, old style Kendo (the Way), unlike other schools of traditional martial arts. There are unique terms peculiar to our school, one of which is the term Hidari-hanmi and Migi-hanmi, meaning just the opposite to that of other schools.

Bujutsu has been the art that represents Kukishin Ryu since the founder Yakushimaru yujin established the school; however, it is worth paying attention to the fact that Tenshin-hyouhou-shinken-kakkiron, a document concerning the fundamental philosophy of Kukishin Ryu, is about the ultimate state of mind in Kenpo (the Method).

In particular, the way of looking at Kenpo from this perspective became prevalent among Shihanke, martial arts teachers under the Soke Kuki, who went to Edo(Tokyo) from Ayabe in Hyogo prefecture in the Edo period; they even put Kenpo as the art that represented Kukishin Ryu.

One of the characteristics of the Kenpo is cutting-up techniques. The ninth head of Kuki Yoshitaka participated in a war against South Korea under the order of Toyotomi Hideyoshi. In the naval battle off the shore of ULUSAN, he jumped onto the enemy's ship and cut up the crotch of the enemy's admiral with his sword, with his armor shot through in the abdomen. This is the beauty of Kukishin Ryu Kenpo.

Token-jutsu, the technique of throwing a sword, is included on the list of Kenpo. This is a kind of Syuriken-jutsu (a technique of throwing a knife). We through a sword or a relatively short sword; there is an alternative way of using a dagger. Just like Nagebo, the technique of throwing a long staff against an enemy in Bojutsu, it is characteristic of our school of martial arts to put some importance on throwing weapons.

 

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The Art of Naginata 薙刀

When expressing this through the nine-demon kami school of Kukishin Ryu the nine demons of naginata are able to chanche into enormous monsters, mutating into a large hatchet, a huge axe, and the massive Nyoito, able to strike down upon and crush even the most impregnable iron shields and helmets, becoming the secret  enlightened blade of Bisento.

 

The Art of Spear 槍術

The most prevalent natural materials in use during the age of the spear  were those such as wood, stone, bone, bronze, and iron ,  and as matter of course, these different materials are what contributed to the creation of different kinds of spears. As a result of these preferences, particular types of spears came to include Teyari, Takeyari, Nagayari, Tanyari, Tetsuyari, Kamayari, Jujiyari and many more. In Kukishin Ryu they favored the TanYari.

The techniques of the Spear include nine methods. Those methods of spear consist of nine tracks. It is this all-out, do-or-die spirit: “GoKokyoHenSeiShinFuDo”. This power of nine methods becomes the secret technique that thrives in the faces of a hundred enemies. Look also the reference about the Yari Jutsu of Shinden Fudo Ryu.

 
 
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Front of Hattori Hanzo's famous Spear.
 

Sainenji Temple (西念寺) is Jodo Buddhism temple located in Yotsuya. It was originally established by Hattori Hanzo Masanari, known as the head of Iga Ninja, in 1590 for Okazaki Saburo Nobuyasu, the first son of Tokugawa Ieyasu. There are grave of Hattori Hanzo and Nobuyasu which built by Hanzo. Also, there is a spear of Hanzo in this temple.

 
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Spear of Hattori Hanzo

258cm length remains and 7.5kg. It was originally 4.2m length. This Spear was given by Tokugawa Ieyasu for the prize of the battle of Mikatagahara.

 
 
 
 

 

 

 

Τελευταία ανανέωση ( 25.03.13 )
 
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